An annual legume native to the eastern Mediterranean region that resembles alfalfa. This cool season annual legume is unique in that it is not known to cause bloat in livestock. In pasture applications, berseem clover will not only improve the quality and yield of the forage, it can also create substantial quantities of nitrogen, improving both the quality and quantity of forage long after the clover has reached the end of its life cycle. Berseem clover has also been shown to have a synergistic relationship with alfalfa, improving the overall forage yields.
Mono-culture 15 lbs/acre
In mixes 5-7 lb/acre
Mono-culture 25 lbs/acre In mixes 12-16 lbs/acre
Prefers slightly alkaline loam and silty soils with a pH of 6+
Legumes/ Frosty Berseem Clover
5.0 – 7.8
Lifespan: A = Annual; B = Biennial; P = Perennial
Tolerates well or is useful for
Is somewhat tolerant or is somewhat useful for
Is not tolerant or should not be used for
Berseem clover, Trifolium alexandrinum, is a cool-season annual legume that is native to the Mediterranean region. For millennia, it has been the foundation for agriculture in the Nile Delta, featuring salt tolerance, high nitrogen fixation, and a synergistic relationship to alfalfa . Frosty, while preserving its Mediterranean genetics, has been bred for later maturity, cold tolerance, productivity, and nutritional value. Berseem clover has very low hard seed counts, allowing for quick establishment and lessening its potential to become a weed.